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Darse- E -Quran

Darse e Quran by Moulana Mohammad Saheb is held, in English on Saturdays after Esha Jamaat and Majlis on rectification of the self (islah of the nafs) in Urdu and English, is held after Zuhar Jammat on Sundays. All lectures are boardcasted live and past lectures can be downloaded from www.miftahuljannah.org

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Solar Eclipse By Moulana Muhammad Shoyaib Nurgat

**The solar eclipse Salah(Salat ul kusoof) will be held at Masjid e Umer insha Allah. Please come the Masjid From 8:35 and engage in Dua, Salah, recitation of the Holy Qur'aan.

The Eclipse Salah will commence as soon as the eclipse will become apparent.**

 

There will be a solar eclipse in the UK on Friday the 20th March 2015. In London Partial Eclipse begins at 08:25 am. Maximum Eclipse (84%) will be at 09:31. Eclipse ends at 10:41 http://www.solareclipse2015.org.uk/london/

 

 

As eclipses are rare occurrences, many people are generally unaware of the guidance given by the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi Wassalam) as regards to what to do and what the reality is behind them in light of the Holy Shariah. Below is a brief explanation in light of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi Wassalam) followed by Masaa’il that one may find useful.

 

Allah Almighty states in the Holy Qur’aan:

 

هُوَ الَّذِى جَعَلَ الشَّمْسَ ضِيَآءً وَالْقَمَرَ نُوراً وَقَدَّرَهُ مَنَازِلَ لِتَعْلَمُواْ عَدَدَ السِّنِينَ وَالْحِسَابَ مَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ ذَلِكَ إِلاَّ بِالْحَقِّ يُفَصِّلُ الآيَـتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ - إِنَّ فِى اخْتِلَـفِ الَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ وَمَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ فِى السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ لآيَـتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَّقُونَ

 

 

He is the One who has made the sun a glow, and the moon a light, and determined for it stages, so that you may learn the number of the years, and the calculation (of time). Allah has not created all this but for a rightful purpose. He elaborates the signs for a people who understand. [10:5]

 

In another verse Allah Almighty states:

 

وَمِنْ ءَايَـتِهِ الَّيْلُ وَالنَّهَارُ وَالشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ لاَ تَسْجُدُواْ لِلشَّمْسِ وَلاَ لِلْقَمَرِ وَاسْجُدُواْ لِلَّهِ الَّذِى خَلَقَهُنَّ إِن كُنتُمْ إِيَّاهُ تَعْبُدُونَ - فَإِنِ اسْتَكْبَرُواْ فَالَّذِينَ عِندَ رَبِّكَ يُسَبِّحُونَ لَهُ بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ وَهُمْ لاَ يَسْـَمُونَ

 

 

Among His signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Do not prostrate yourselves to the sun, or to the moon. And prostrate yourselves to Allah who has created them, if it is Him whom you worship. [41:37]

 

When the sun eclipsed at the time of the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi Wassalam) he went out rushing nervously to the mosque, dragging his cloak behind him, and led the people in prayer. He told them that the eclipse was one of the signs of Allah, with which Allah makes His slaves afraid, and that it may be the cause of punishment coming upon the people. He commanded them to do that which could prevent the punishment, so he commanded them to pray when an eclipse happens, and to make dua’, seek His forgiveness, give charity, free slaves and do other righteous deeds so that the punishment would go away and not befall the people. So the eclipse is a reminder to people, making them afraid so that they will turn back to Allah and pay attention to Him.

 

During the Jahiliyyah, people used to believe that eclipses happened to mark the birth or death of a great person, but the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi Wassalam) declared this belief to be false and explained the divine wisdom behind the occurrence of eclipses:

 

Imam Bukhari RA records a Hadith narrated by Mughira bin Shu`ba RA:

 

عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، قَالَ كَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَوْمَ مَاتَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ، فَقَالَ النَّاسُ كَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ لِمَوْتِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِنَّ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ لاَ يَنْكَسِفَانِ لِمَوْتِ أَحَدٍ وَلاَ لِحَيَاتِهِ، فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ فَصَلُّوا وَادْعُوا اللَّهَ ‏"‏

 

"The sun eclipsed in the lifetime of Rasullulah (Sallallahu alaihi Wassalam) on the day when (his son) Ibrahim died. So the people said that the sun had eclipsed because of the death of Ibrahim. Rasullulah (Sallallahu alaihi Wassalam ) said, "The sun and the moon do not eclipse because of the death or life (i.e. birth) of someone. When you see the eclipse pray and invoke Allah." (Bukhari- book of Eclipses)

 

In one Hadith it states:

 

عَنْ قَيْسٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا مَسْعُودٍ، يَقُولُ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِنَّ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ لاَ يَنْكَسِفَانِ لِمَوْتِ أَحَدٍ مِنَ النَّاسِ، وَلَكِنَّهُمَا آيَتَانِ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ، فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمُوهُمَا فَقُومُوا فَصَلُّوا ‏"‏‏.‏

 

Qais reported that I heard Abu Masood RA say that Rasullulah (Sallallahu alaihi Wassalam)  said, "The sun and the moon do not eclipse because of the death of someone from the people but they are two signs amongst the signs of Allah. When you see them stand up and pray." (Bukhari- book of Eclipses)

 

According to a narration of Sahih Bukhari continue with the Salah until the eclipse is over:

 

"‏ إِنَّ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ آيَتَانِ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ، لاَ يَنْكَسِفَانِ لِمَوْتِ أَحَدٍ وَلاَ لِحَيَاتِهِ، فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمُوهُمَا فَادْعُوا اللَّهَ وَصَلُّوا حَتَّى يَنْجَلِيَ ‏"‏‏.‏

 

Rasullulah (Sallallahu alaihi Wassalam) said: "The sun and the moon are two signs amongst the signs of Allah. They do not eclipse because of someone's death or life. So when you see them, invoke Allah and pray till the eclipse is clear." Bukhari- from the narration of Mughira bin Shu`ba RA.

 

Masaa’il of Solar Eclipse Salah

Extracted from the book ‘Suraj Gharhan’ (Solar Eclipse) written by Hadhrat Moulana Marghoob Ahmad Lajpoori Damat Barakatuhum

Translated by: Moulana Muhammad Shoyaib Nurgat

 

 

1.      The Salah of solar eclipse is Sunnat Muakkadah (a stressed upon Sunnah).[1]

 

2.      To perform this Salah with congregation is (Afdhal) better.[2]

 

3.      Even in small villages where Eidain Salah and Jumuah Salah are not performed, this Salah should be performed individually.[3]

 

4.      Women may also perform this Salah. (As with all Salah it is better for them to perform this Salah individually in their homes)

 

 

 

5.      This Salah is performed like ‘normal Salah’ with one Ruku and two Sujood per Raka’at.[4]

 

6.      There is no Azan or Iqaamat for this Salah.

 

7.      To gather the people for the eclipse Salah one may call out ‘الصَّلاَةَ جَامِعَةٌ’: ‘prayer is to be offered in congregation.’[5]

 

8.      According to the most correct opinion there is no sermon after the solar eclipse Salah.[6]

 

9.      In the Salah of solar eclipse the recitation can be loud or silent. Imam Abu Hanifa RA is of the opinion that the recitation should be silent. Imam Abu Yusuf RA is of the opinion that the recitation should be loud. There are two differing opinions of Imam Muhammad RA; one is of loud recitation and the other is of silent.[7] Note: As this Salah is long, loud recitation will be correct as silent recitation may result in the followers losing concentration and becoming restless.[8]

 

10.  It is better if the recitation in the eclipse Salah is lengthy. [9]

 

11.  The Ruku and Sujood in the eclipse Salah should also be lengthened. [10]

 

12.  After the completion of Salah remain engaged in Dua until the sun becomes clear.[11]

 

13.  It is permissible to either lengthen the Salah shortening the dua, or to lengthen the dua and shorten the Salah.

 

14.  Lengthening one and shortening the other so that the whole time of eclipse is covered by Salah and Dua is Masnoon.

 

15.  The least number of Raka’at for the eclipse Salah is two. To perform four Raka’at is better. To perform more than four is also permissible.[12]

 

16.  It is better to perform the eclipse Salah in the Jamia Masjid (main Masjid of the locality) or at the place designated for Eid Salah is better, although it may be performed elsewhere.[13]

 

17.  It would be permissible for people to gather and make Dua instead of performing Salah, although the performance of Salah is much better.[14]

 

18.  The Imam must not climb on the mimbar for the purpose of Dua.

 

19.  The Imam may engage in dua facing the Qibla or stand up facing the congregation. The congregation will continue to say ‘Aameen’ to the dua of the Imam.

 

20.  The Imam may take the support of his staff (a’saa).

 

21.  The time for the solar eclipse Salah is when the eclipse occurs.

 

22.  If one did not perform the eclipse Salah and the eclipse concluded, then there is no need to perform the Salah.

 

23.  If a partial eclipse is still present then it is permissible to engage in Salah.

 

24.  If the clouds conceal the eclipse whilst it is in progress, continue with the Salah as in reality the eclipse is still in ongoing.

 

25.  If the eclipse occurs when it is Makrooh time for Salah then do not read Salah, rather engage in Dua.

 

26.  If at the time of eclipse the sun sets, then conclude the Dua and perform the Maghrib Salah. In the same way if a time for any other Fardh Salah begins then end the Dua and perform the Fardh Salah.

 

27.  If a Janaazah was to occur in this time then Janaazah Salah should be performed first.

 

(Umdat ul Fiqh V 2 Pg. 468 Salat ul Kusoof)

 

 

Refrences

 

 

[1]  All the Jurist (Fuqahaa) are unanimous that Salat ul Kusoof is Sunnah. Although some Hanafi jurists are of the opinion that it is Wajib, the preferred opinion is that Salat ul Kusoof is Sunnah Muakkadah. Badaa’ee Al Sanna’ee: 1/208- Sharh e Muhazzab: 5/43- Al Mughni: 2/142- Bidaayat ul Mujtahid 1/210- Qamoos ul Fiqh 4/555.

 

 

 

[2] Imam Bukhari RA has brought a chapter in his Sahih named: ‘باب صَلاَةِ الْكُسُوفِ جَمَاعَةً  ’  Chapter: To offer the eclipse Salat (prayer) in congregation. He has mentioned three Ahadith in which it states that Rasullulah (ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) led the eclipse Salah in congregation. Ibn Abbas also led the eclipse Salah in congregation as did Ibn Umer RA.

 

 

 

[3] Is a city/large locality necessary for the eclipse Salah? There are two opinions of Imam Abu Hanifa RA. According to the Zahir Riwayat the eclipse Salah will only performed where Jumuah is performed. Badaa’ee Al Sanna’ee: 1/281- Qamoos ul Fiqh 4/557.

 

 

 

[4] Imam Bukhari RA has mentioned the chapter ‘باب الْجَهْرِ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ فِي الْكُسُوفِ’ ‘To recite aloud in the eclipse Salat’; under which he has quoted the Hadith of Aisha RA.

 

 

 

[5] Imam Bukhari RA has brought a chapter in his Sahih named: ‘باب النِّدَاءِ بِالصَّلاَةُ جَامِعَةٌ فِي الْكُسُوفِ’ Chapter: Making a loud announcement of As-Salat (the prayer) in congregation for eclipse: `Abdullah bin `Amr narrates:

 

"When the sun eclipsed in the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) an announcement was made that a prayer was to be offered in congregation." ‘عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قَالَ لَمَّا كَسَفَتِ الشَّمْسُ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نُودِيَ إِنَّ الصَّلاَةَ جَامِعَةٌ‏.‏’ this announcement can be made on the loud speaker and around the locality/city.

 

For the Solar or Moon eclipse Salah, it is unanimously agreed that there is no Azan or Iqaamat. Azan or Iqaamat has been established for Fardh Salah and Solar or Moon eclipse Salah is Sunnah. Tuhfatul Qari: 3/374

 

 

 

[6] According to Imam Shafa’ee RA the sermon after the solar eclipse Salah is Mustahab/preferable. Other Jurists are not of this opinion. The evidence of Imam Shafa’ee RA is that after Rasullulah (Sallallahu alaihi Wassalam) led the eclipse Salah, he gave a sermon ‘’ Chapter: A Khutba (delivered) by the Imam on the eclipse. ‘باب خُطْبَةِ الإِمَامِ فِي الْكُسُوفِ ‘. In answer to that; the Majority (Jamhoor) say that this was not a sermon, rather a piece of advice and clarification for the occasion. As the people of Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic era) used to think that the solar and lunar eclipse takes place upon the death of a great person; Rasulullah (ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) after praising Allah Almighty refuted this belief. He (ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) also mentioned other things as mentioned in the chapter before; that when you see the eclipse, remember Allah and say Takbeer, pray and give Sadaqah. He (ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) did not instruct us to give a sermon. Through which it can be understood that a sermon is not Mustahab after the eclipse Salah.  Tuhfatul Qari: 3/372.

 

[7] There is a hadith in Tirmizi:  عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى صَلاَةَ الْكُسُوفِ وَجَهَرَ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ فِيهَا "The Prophet prayed the eclipse payer, and he recited aloud in it.” Imam Bukhari has mentioned the narration of Ibn Abbas RA: “فَقَامَ قِيَامًا طَوِيلاً نَحْوًا مِنْ قِرَاءَةِ سُورَةِ الْبَقَرَةِ،” ‘and stood for a long period equal to the period in which one could recite Surah-al-Baqarah’; the word ‘نَحْوًا’ indicates that the recitation was silent. In Sahih Muslim the words are ‘فَقَامَ قِيَامًا طَوِيلاً قَدْرَ نَحْوِ سُورَةِ الْبَقَرَةِ’ ‘He stood for a long time, about as long as it would take to recite Surah al-Baqarah’ this also indicates that the recitation was silent.

 

 

 

[8] There is a hadith in Tirmizi:  عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى صَلاَةَ الْكُسُوفِ وَجَهَرَ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ فِيهَا "The Prophet prayed the eclipse prayer, and he recited aloud in it.”

 

 

 

[9] In the chapters of ‘Kusoof’ of Sahih Bukhari there are numerous narrations in which a lengthy recitation is mentioned. The recitation in the first Raka’at being longer the second Raka’at as mentioned in the narration of Sahih Muslim ‘وَهُوَ دُونَ الْقِيَامِ الأَوَّلِ’ ‘but it was less than the first qiyaam’. In Sahih Bukhari and Muslim it is clearly mentioned that in the first Raka’at ‘He stood for a long time, about as long as it would take to recite Surah al-Baqarah’. In a narration of Abu Dawood it states that the length of recitation in the second Raka’at was as long as it would take to recite Surah Aal e Imraan.

 

 

 

[10] Aisha RA states: “مَا سَجَدْتُ سُجُودًا قَطُّ كَانَ أَطْوَلَ مِنْهَا‏.‏” "I had never performed such a long prostration." (باب طُولِ السُّجُودِ فِي الْكُسُوفِ Bukhari) as regards to the long Ruku there are many narrations in which it is mentioned: ‘‘ثُمَّ رَكَعَ رُكُوعًا طَوِيلاً’ ‘and then went into ruku for a long time’.

 

 

 

[11] It states in a narration of Sahih Bukhari: ‘فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمُوهُمَا فَادْعُوا اللَّهَ وَصَلُّوا حَتَّى يَنْجَلِيَ ‏"‏‏.‏’ “So when you see them, invoke Allah and pray till the eclipse is clear." باب الدُّعَاءِ فِي الْخُسُوف    Chapter: Invocation during the eclipse

 

 

 

[12] There is a narration in Sahih Bukhari in which two Raka’at are mentioned: ‘فَصَلَّى بِنَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ’  (باب الصَّلاَةِ فِي كُسُوفِ الشَّمْسِ )

 

 ‘He led us in a two-Raka’at prayer’. (Chapter: Salah during a solar eclipse). In the book ‘Umdat ul Fiqh the mas’alah is written this way (two Raka’at). It is written in Tuhfatul Qari that the least number of Raka’at for the eclipse Salah is two; whilst the most one can read is four. (3/367). Allamah Ainee RA has written in Binayah: Four Raka’at can be read. (Shamaa’il Kubra 8/407). Allamah Shaami RA states: four and more than four is not in accordance to Zahir Riwayat. According to the Zahir Riwayat it is only two; but if the Imam is not leading this Salah in congregation then to read two or four individually is better. (Shaami 3/67)

 

 

 

[13] It states in Sahih Bukhari: ‘حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ’ ‘till he entered the Mosque’. Imam Bukhari has named a chapter ‘To offer the eclipse prayer in the mosque’. ‘باب صَلاَةِ الْكُسُوفِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ’. Sheikh ul Hadith Mufti Saeed Ahmad Palanpuri writes: in the same way that there is a large gathering for Eidain, there is also a large gathering for the eclipse Salah. Which is the reason why someone may think that this Salah should be performed in a ‘field’ outside the locality. To refute that thinking Imam Bukhari RA has brought this chapter that Rasulullah (ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) performed this Salah in the Masjid. The eclipse Salah will be performed in the Masjid. There is a large gathering for Jumuah, yet Rasulullah (ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) always performed this Salah in the Masjid. In the same way Rasulullah (ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) performed the solar eclipse Salah in the Masjid; hence to perform this Salah in the Masjid is Sunnah. Tuhfatul Qari 3/386

 

 

 

 

[14] Because Rasulullah (ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) performed the eclipse Salah it is better to perform the Salah. Abu Musa Ash’ari RA narrates:

 

The sun eclipsed and Rasulullah (ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) got up, being afraid that it might be the hour. He went to the Mosque and offered the prayer with the longest Qiyaam, bowing and prostration that I had ever seen him doing. Then he said, "These signs which Allah sends do not occur because of the life or death of somebody, but Allah makes His worshipers afraid by them. So when you see anything thereof, proceed to remember Allah, invoke Him and ask for His forgiveness." Bukhari باب الذِّكْرِ فِي الْكُسُوفِ 

 

In another narration it states “So when you see them (eclipse), invoke Allah and pray till the eclipse is clear." Bukhari (باب الدُّعَاءِ فِي الْخُسُوفِ). In another narration of Sahih Bukhari we are specifically instructed to seek protection from the punishment of the grave: “ثُمَّ أَمَرَهُمْ أَنْ يَتَعَوَّذُوا مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ‏.‏”. ‘And then he ordered the people to seek refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave’. ‘باب التَّعَوُّذِ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ فِي الْكُسُوفِ’.

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